The College of Engineering is dedicated to research that will better society. The future of engineering starts here.

Brain Research

The College is using engineering principles to investigate what happens when external forces cause damage to the brain, through impact, blasts or rapid movement of the brain within the skull. Several priority areas for research come from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Defense and from Temple University. Research being conducted by faculty at the College of Engineering is aimed at understanding traumatic brain injury and formulating better solutions for treatment.

Investigation of Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption Mechanism due to Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury

Faculty: Dr. Kurosh Darvish and Soroush Assari, PhD candidate
Sponsor: American Heart Association

In traumatic brain injury (TBI), the blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction and the resulting small-vessel endothelial leakage triggers a cascade of events leading to cerebrovascular and brain diseases. This study investigates the rupturing of BBB in TBI from exposure to a blast. The overall goal of this project is to investigate and expand the current knowledge of influential biomechanical factors in BBB rupture.

Advanced Ballistics Technology Material Development, Characterization, and Computational Modeling

Faculty: Dr. Kurosh Darvish
Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Office

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in vivo TBI tests for the evaluation of head kinematics. This will provide information into brain material characterization, computational Modeling of TBI, histological evaluations and biomechanical assessment of TBI. Automated Assessment of Postural Stability (AAPS) Faculty: Obeid, Iyad Sponsor: Department of the Army Summary: For individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion, and musculoskeletal injuries commonly seen in active duty military personnel, it is difficult to test and evaluate in the field. This study develops and calibrates a field test system for quantifying balance control for return to duty assessment. The system, which is already being prototyped at Temple University, uses the Microsoft Kinect motion capture device to objectively measure a subject’s balance during the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) test. The aim is to eliminate current inaccuracies in test scores that could lead to inappropriate return to military duty before adequate recovery from the mTBI.

Automatic discovery and processing of EEG cohorts from clinical records

Faculty: Dr. Joseph Picone
Sponsor: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIDDK/NIH)

The research is aimed at creating an automatic uncovering of clinical knowledge from a vast BigData archive of clinical EEG signals and EEG reports collected over the past 12 years at Temple University Hospital. This will lead to a discovery of patient cohorts, an annotated Big Data archive and software for the annotation and a system of patient cohort retrieval that will greatly increase accessibility for non-experts in neuroscience, bioengineering and medical informatics, and will demonstrate the transformative potential of mining the staggering wealth of biomedical knowledge available in hospital medical records.

Enabling the Application of Deep Learning to Automated Seizure Detection

Sponsor: PA Cure

In 2012 the College began a long-term project to build the world's largest open source clinical EEG corpus to support deep learning research into automatic interpretation of EEGs. The much publicized research has been distributed by over 160 organizations worldwide and generated a significant amount of external funding. The data, known as the TU EEG Seizure Corpus, will become a dominant resource for developing automated seizure detection technology. The work will add additional of another 9,000 sessions of EEG data will allow us to improve our seizure detection technology and enhance commercialization effort and will make a significant contribution to the field.

Materials Science and Engineering

This is a priority area for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of Defense, National Science Foundation and many other organizations. In the interest of solving most pressing scientific problems humans currently face, materials science tries to address the limits of the known materials and solids and how they are used. Research breakthroughs may affect the future of technology and the world around us.

Low-Cost Steel Concrete Composite Vessel for Forecourt Hydrogen Storage at 875 Bar Or Greater

Faculty: Dr. Fei Ren
Sponsor: Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The aim of the project is to design a stationary gaseous hydrogen storage vessel system that can meet the cost and performance requirements set forth by the Department of Energy: 1) storage pressure at 875 bar or greater, 2) purchased capital cost < $1000/kgH2, 3) service life > 30 years, and 4) scalable to a total capacity of > 1000 kg H2. To meet these requirements, the proposed project will include the following activities: vessel design and engineering optimization, cost modeling and analysis, materials selection, testing and evaluation, section and optimization of fabrication technologies, design, fabrication, and testing of prototype vessel, and development of commercialization pathway.

Double Negative Acoustic Metamaterial With Air-Coupled Diaphragms

Faculty: Dr. Haijun Liu
Sponsor: National Science Foundation

This research is developing a new type of acoustic metamaterial with air-coupled diaphragms to realize simultaneous negative mass density and negative bulk modulus. Previous design often requires complex fabrication process and tuning of individual unit cells, hindering its practical applications. To address these limitations, the research aims to gain an understanding of the unit cell of air-coupled diaphragms, the properties of acoustic metamaterial and the development of fiber optic interrogatory system and the fabrication and characterization of acoustic metamaterial: acoustic metamaterial will be fabricated with 3D printing and simple stacking, and its properties will be characterized using an impedance tube and the embedded fiber optic sensors.

Mechanics of Extreme Mechanical Instabilities via Spontaneously Periodic Delamination

Faculty: Dr. Jie Yin
Sponsor: National Science Foundation

Optical materials with reversible switching properties of light transmittance have immense potential as Smart Windows for architectural and vehicular applications. The development of such Dynamic Glazing Materials has so far focused primarily on Chromogenic Devices. However, chromogenic materials suffer from significant drawbacks related to cost (costly physical vapor processes and complex process control), durability (limited cycle life due to material degradation with repeated ion intercalation), and functionality (slow switching time and low transmittance in the clear state). Thus, process simplification and development of new material and design concepts that offer high optical contrast, fast switching time, long cycle life, and low manufacturing cost are critically important.

STEM Education and Workforce Development

The College of Engineering aims to make innovation in teaching and promotion of STEM learning and workforce development a priority area. Sponsors range from the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Department of Defense.

Student Space Exploration & Embedded Systems Laboratory

Faculty: Dr. John Helferty
Sponsor: Penn State University/Space Grant Consortium

The aim is to graduate or undergraduate/graduate students that will engage the students in STEM disciplines in both NASA-related activities and aerospace industry. Tracking students post graduation will be the main measurable metric and will be done by maintaining contact for several years post graduation via alumni associate contacts and longitudinal tracking through Space Grant. Additional focus is for engaging high school students in a university engineering college so as to educate them for careers in STEM related fields. Tracking students post high school graduation to see if they indeed enter Higher Education in a STEM related field.

Eclipse Ballooning Project

Faculty: Dr. John Helferty
Sponsor: Penn State University/Space Grant Consortium

Undergraduate students conducted high altitude balloon (HAB) flights from 15-20 locations across the 8/21/2017 total eclipse path, from Oregon to South Carolina, sending live video and images from near space to the NASA website. Under the umbrella of the Space Exploration and Embedded System Lab (SSEESL) at Temple University, four seniors and two juniors, along with faculty adviser Dr. John Helferty, participated in the NASA sponsored Eclipse Ballooning Project. This also included a Eclipse Ballooning Project workshop for the students in Bozeman, MT at the project lead site at the Montana State University campus to learn how to build and test common live camera payloads, in-flight tracking system and ground station, get an overview the eclipse ballooning effort and goals, build collaboration between nationwide teams, field ideas for secondary payloads and test a flight with the entire basic eclipse project kit.

Using Immersion to improve needs assessment and design in mid-career undergraduate engineering students

Faculty: Dr. Ruth Ochia
Sponsor: National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

We propose to introduce and reinforce Design Thinking concepts throughout the entire 4-year bioengineering undergraduate curriculum. Specifically, we propose to reinforce the concepts of Design Thinking in “mid-career” sophomore and junior undergraduate bioengineering students via innovative didactic course work based on a combination of clinical and industrial summer immersion experiences. The long-term goal for this team- based project is to improve student preparedness to enter the workforce, or pursue post-baccalaureate education, if desired, and thrive in our ever-changing global economy.

Food, Energy, and Water Systems and Technology

Priority Area for the following sponsors (not all-inclusive): National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the US Department of Agriculture USAID. 

Water & Environmental Technology (WET) Center

Faculty: Dr. Rominder Suri
Sponsor: National Science Foundation + Industry

The WET Center strives to create knowledge and technology products that will be utilized by industry and benefit the public. The Center’s core work deals with water reuse, drinking water and wastewater treatment, water for use in industrial manufacturing, source water protection, stormwater management, environmental studies, risk assessments, sustainability, analytical methods development, and real-time sensors for water quality monitoring and process control. Research investigates issues related to emerging contaminants and their effects on the water ecosystem.

The Center is a NSF Industry University Cooperative Research Center that aims to address challenges that are directly relevant to industry. This leads to results that can be utilized in the measurement, control, and mitigation of ECs that are of concern for both industry and the environment.

Security and effectiveness in Information Technologies, including Cybersecurity 

Priority Area for the following sponsors (not all-inclusive): National Science Foundation and National Aeronautics and Space Administration

CPS Synergy: Towards Secure Networked Cyber-Physical Systems with Bounded Rationality

Faculty: Dr. Saroj Biswas
Sponsor: National Science Foundation

This research investigates the game-theoretic approach of large scale networked cyber-physical systems for the development of control system architectures for overall system stability and security. This research allows interplay between mathematical models of infrastructures and behavioral models of adversaries. In particular, we investigate control system design for global system stability in the events of a) data attacks, b) delay attacks, c) jamming attacks, d) random network delays and packet dropouts, and e) physical attacks on sensors, actuators, and system components. Despite the fact that the infrastructure system may be geographically dispersed, the controller will be localized and utilize only local subsystem state variables for feedback. Game-theoretic concepts will be used to explore various attack scenarios and defense methodologies.

More research is being conducted in the following areas: 

  • Diversity and Women in Science and Engineering
  • Data Science and "Big Data"
  • Robotics, Autonomous Systems and Sensors