Elham Sahraei is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. She is the director of Electric Vehicle Safety Lab (EVSL). Her research is focused on mechanical safety of lithium-ion batteries under extreme loading conditions. Her current research is sponsored by automotive industry, FE software companies, state programs and Office of Naval Research. Prior to Temple, Dr. Sahraei was a Research Scientist at the Impact and Crashworthiness Lab of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the co-director of the MIT Battery Consortium, a multi-sponsor industrial program supported by major automotive and battery manufacturers. such as Mercedes Benz R&D North America, PSA Group, Jaguar Land-Rover, AVL, MuRata, LG Chem, and Boston Power. She has also been a co-investigator of multiple Ford-MIT Alliance projects, and a DOE project with National Renewable Energy Lab on safety of Li-Ion batteries. She earned her PhD degree from the George Washington University, her Masters from Sharif University of Technology, and her BSc from Isfahan University of Technology, and completed two years of post-doctoral training at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she became a Research Scientist afterwards. Besides characterization and modeling of Li-Ion batteries, her expertise includes full-scale vehicle crash analysis, occupant protection, and analysis of roadside safety structures.

Research Interests

  • Lithium-ion Batteries
    Structural Mechanics
    Occupant Protection
    Finite Element Modeling

Courses Taught




ENGR 2333

Mechanics of Solids


MEE 3301

Machine Theory and Design


MEE 5117

Finite Element Analysis


Selected Publications

  • Kisters, T., Gilaki, M., Nau, S., & Sahraei, E. (2022). Modeling of Dynamic Mechanical Response of Li-Ion cells with Homogenized Electrolyte-Solid Interactions. JOURNAL of ENERGY STORAGE, 49. doi: 10.1016/j.est.2022.104069

  • Gilaki, M., Song, Y., & Sahraei, E. (2022). Homogenized characterization of cylindrical Li-ion battery cells using elliptical approximation. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of ENERGY RESEARCH, 46(5), pp. 5908-5923. doi: 10.1002/er.7531

  • Keshavarzi, M.M., Gilaki, M., & Sahraei, E. (2022). Characterization of in-situ material properties of pouch lithium-ion batteries in tension from three-point bending tests. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL of MECHANICAL SCIENCES, 219. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2022.107090

  • Song, Y., Gilaki, M., Keshavarzi, M.M., & Sahraei, E. (2022). A universal anisotropic model for a lithium-ion cylindrical cell validated under axial, lateral, and bending loads. ENERGY SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, 10(4), pp. 1431-1448. doi: 10.1002/ese3.1111

  • Kisters, T., Keshavarzi, M., Kuder, J., & Sahraei, E. (2021). Effects of electrolyte, thickness, and casing stiffness on the dynamic response of lithium-ion battery cells. ENERGY REPORTS, 7, pp. 6451-6461. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.09.107

  • Kermani, G., Keshavarzi, M.M., & Sahraei, E. (2021). Deformation of lithium-ion batteries under axial loading: Analytical model and Representative Volume Element. Energy Reports, 7, pp. 2849-2861. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2021.05.015

  • Bulla, M., Kolling, S., & Sahraei, E. (2021). A material model for the orthotropic and viscous behavior of separators in lithium-ion batteries under high mechanical loads. Energies, 14(15). doi: 10.3390/en14154585

  • Gilaki, M., Walsh, R., & Sahraei, E. (2021). Model-Based Design of an Electric Bus Lithium-Ion Battery Pack. JOURNAL of ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY CONVERSION and STORAGE, 18(2). doi: 10.1115/1.4050337

  • Keshavarzi, M., Derakhshan, M., Gilaki, M., L'Eplattenier, P., Caldichoury, I., Soudbakhsh, D., Sahraei, E., & IEEE (2021). Coupled Electrochemical-Mechanical Modeling of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Distributed Randle Circuit Model. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on ELECTRICAL, COMPUTER and ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES (ICECET 2021), pp. 2148-2153. doi: 10.1109/ICECET52533.2021.9698796

  • Soudbakhsh, D., Gilaki, M., Lynch, W., Zhang, P., Choi, T., & Sahraei, E. (2020). Electrical response of mechanically damaged lithium-ion batteries. Energies, 13(17). doi: 10.3390/en13174284

  • Bulla, M., Kolling, S., & Sahraei, E. (2020). An experimental and computational study on the orthotropic failure of separators for lithium-ion batteries. Energies, 13(17). doi: 10.3390/en13174399

  • Stacy, A., Gilaki, M., Sahraei, E., & Soudbakhsh, D. (2020). Investigating the Effects of Mechanical Damage on Electrical Response of Li-Ion Pouch Cells. Proceedings of the American Control Conference, 2020-July, pp. 242-247. doi: 10.23919/ACC45564.2020.9147883

  • Sahraei, E., Gilaki, M., Lynch, W., Kirtley, J., & Soudbakhsh, D. (2019). Cycling Results of Mechanically Damaged Li-Ion Batteries. 2019 IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium, ESTS 2019, pp. 226-230. doi: 10.1109/ESTS.2019.8847923

  • Kermani, G., Dixon, B., & Sahraei, E. (2019). Elliptical lithium-ion batteries: Transverse and axial loadings under wet/dry conditions. Energy Science and Engineering, 7(3), pp. 890-898. doi: 10.1002/ese3.318

  • Gilaki, M. & Sahraei, E. (2019). Effects of temperature on mechanical response of lithium ion batteries to external abusive loads. SAE Technical Papers, 2019-April(April). doi: 10.4271/2019-01-1002

  • Kermani, G. & Sahraei, E. (2019). Dynamic impact response of lithium-ion batteries, constitutive properties and failure model. RSC Adv, 9(5), pp. 2464-2473. England. doi: 10.1039/c8ra08898e